Scheduled Posters

“Isolated Tuberculous Thyroiditis”



Isolated Tuberculous Thyroiditis


This case report has been prepared to create awareness among Otolaryngologists about a relatively rare entity of thyroiditis.


Tuberculosis is a widespread infectious disease cause by various strains of Mycobacterium, usually Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. Isolated tuberculosis of the thyroid gland is an extremely rare condition.

We report a case of a 35 years old female patient with isolated tuberculous thyroiditis presented as diffuse tenderness and pain in lower part of anterior neck with no visible neck swelling. Ultrasound of  thyroid gland showed heterogeneous echo texture with micro nodules in both lobes Mantoux test result was positive and ultrasound guided FNAC (Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology) of the thyroid gland revealed caseating epithelioid granulomas consistent with tuberculosis. The patient made a complete clinical recovery after six months of  anti TB treatment and a repeat ultrasound at the end of treatment showed no nodularity in the gland.


Tuberculous thyroiditis has to be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of mild pain, tenderness, swelling and nodularity of the thyroid gland in TB endemic regions and in TB non-endemic areas because of HIV.


Learning Objectives

  1. In clinical practice tuberculous thyroiditis has to be kept in mind whenever a patient comes with chronic mild pain, diffuse tenderness and nodularity in thyroid region.
  2. No organ in the human body should be considered immune to tuberculosis.

Scheduling Details

Posters can be seen in the Gray/Palmer/Pope Ballroom. This room will be open on Sunday, June 12 from 09:00 to 17:00, and on Monday, June 13 from 09:00 to 16:00.

Authors' Contact Details

Corresponding Author: Dr. S M SARWAR (

Senior Author: Dr. S M SARWAR